Daily Artificial Intelligence News Roundup #146

1. This 3D Printing Technique Is 100 Times Faster Than Standard 3D Printers

A new 3D-printing technique could render a three-dimensional object in minutes instead of hours—at up to 100 times current speeds. The experimental approach uses a vat of resin and some clever tricks with UV and blue LED lights (no lasers needed) to accelerate the printing process. “But we can change the intensity of the inhibiting wavelength, that in turn can thicken up… the region that doesn’t polymerize. Read More

2. Artificial intelligence will become the next new human right

Food, water, shelter, artificial intelligence. If the predictions of Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff prove to be true, the latter will one day become a new human right.

CNET: Google pledges $25 million in new artificial intelligence challenge

One day, impeding access to artificial intelligence (AI)-based services and systems may also be condemned in the same way. Read More

3. Boeing’s electric autonomous passenger air vehicle just had its first flight

Boeing has completed the first pilotless test flight of its electric autonomous passenger plane at an airport in Manassas, Virginia.

Not a flying car: It’s a popular moniker, but misleading. It resembles a mix of helicopter and propeller aircraft, but no one seems quite sure what to call it yet. Read More

4. How Deep Learning Deciphers Historial Documents | NVIDIA Blog

Deep learning researchers are hitting the books.

By building AI tools to transcribe historical texts in antiquated scripts letter by letter, they’re creating an invaluable resource for researchers who study centuries-old documents. So developers have built digital tools for optical character recognition, the process of converting printed or written characters into machine-readable form. Read More

5. DataHack Radio #16: Kaggle Grandmaster SRK’s Journey and Advice for Data Science Competitions

Introduction

Ladies and gentlemen, presenting Analytics Vidhya’s top community member and Kaggle Grandmaster – Sudalai Rajkumar, aka SRK.
He is an inspiration and enigma in the data science community. I had the pleasure of meeting him at DataHack Summit 2018 and was blown away by his humility and intelligence. Read More

6. Unsupervised Learning of Neural Networks to Explain Neural Networks (extended abstract)

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7. What Can Machine Learning Teach Us about Communications?

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8. MIT discover a way to mass produce cell sized robots –

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9. Amazon is unleashing its own army of delivery robots

Scout is about the size of a small cooler, and rolls along at walking speeds. Amazon says it’ll be able to navigate safely around “pets, pedestrians and anything else in their path,” according to a press release. It’ll deliver your packages, according to the company, without a need for a pesky and demanding human. Read More

10. Natural Questions: a New Corpus and Challenge for Question Answering Research

Our paper “Natural Questions: a Benchmark for Question Answering Research

“, which has been accepted for publication in Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics

, has a full description of the data collection process. To see some more examples from the dataset, please check out the NQ website

The Challenge

NQ is aimed at enabling QA systems to read and comprehend an entire Wikipedia article that may or may not contain the answer to the question. Systems will need to first decide whether the question is sufficiently well defined to be answerable — many questions make false assumptions or are just too ambiguous to be answered concisely. Read More

11. Artificial intelligence can dramatically cut time needed to process abnormal chest X-rays

New research has found that a novel Artificial Intelligence (AI) system can dramatically reduce the time needed to ensure that abnormal chest X-rays with critical findings will receive an expert radiologist opinion sooner, cutting the average delay from 11 days to less than 3 days.

Researchers from WMG at the University of Warwick, working with Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Hospitals, extracted a dataset of half million anonymised adult chest radiographs (X-rays) and developed an AI system for computer vision that can recognise radiological abnormalities in the X-rays in real-time and suggest how quickly these exams should be reported by a radiologist. In the process of building the AI system, the team developed and validated a Natural Language Processing (NLP) algorithm that can read a radiological report, understand the findings mentioned by the reporting radiologist, and automatically infer the priority level of the exam. Read More

12. 43 Percent of an Average Man’s Job Could Be Automated by 2030

Amazon employs more than 100,000 robots in its US warehouses, alongside more than 125,000 human workers.
Economists who study employment have pushed back against recent predictions by Silicon Valley soothsayers like Elon Musk of an imminent tidal wave of algorithmic unemployment. The evidence indicates US workers will instead be lapped by the gentler swells of a gradual revolution, in which jobs are transformed piecemeal as machines grow more capable. Read More