Daily Artificial Intelligence News Roundup #113

1. Virtual Spike Strips and AI Self-Driving Cars

By Lance Eliot, the AI Trends Insider

In many parking lots where you need to pay to get into the parking area, the exits often have a series of metal spikes that are pointed toward any cars that might be tempted to sneak into the lot. Trying to continue driving would be difficult and the odds are that relatively soon the driver would be driving on the rims of the tires. It was actually impressive how long the car itself withstood this treatment and was maybe a testament to the makers of the car that it was able to continue that long. Read More

2. AI in Enterprises – Businesses Are Waking Up

Long story short, the whole idea was to convert the company’s mentality from dumb iron sales to data-driven, machine learning-driven sales.

So I read the press, thoroughly understood their strategy from their annual reports, read their investor decks and then eventually wrote to the CEO. My intention was to scratch the surface and see if there was a way to start mapping and identifying potential data-driven MVP (minimum viable AI projects) where machine, and deep learning, could be potentially applied to create services, solutions that could help both bridge the gap as well as build new bridges to the additional revenue stream that the CEO was hoping for. Read More

3. A Computer Vision Approach to Hand Gesture Recognition

Introduction

Soldiers communicate with each other through gestures. Hence the second option of using sensors for recognitions has been used. We present a system which recognizes the gestures given in this link. Read More

4. ‘Would robot sex count as infidelity? Technically no…’

Dr Kate Devlin is a computer scientist at Kings College London whose work includes delving into the overlap between sex, intimacy and technology as well as human-computer and human-robot interactions. She has organised two sex-tech hackathons, and has recently written a book about sex robots called Turned On. I think what is interesting is that this stuff has been around for so long and this idea of having a perfect lover has been around for so long, and that just doesn’t change. Read More

5. A portrait created by AI just sold for $432,000. But is it really art?

From a distance, Portrait of Edmond de Belamy, which has just sold at Christie’s in New York for $432,000 (£337,000), looks almost plausible. The first artwork generated by AI to be sold at Christie’s, its impressive price would seem to suggest that in future we will get computers to make art for us. Computers would need to replicate human consciousness before they could replicate the funny thing humans do called “art”. Read More

6. [1810.11193] Integrating Transformer and Paraphrase Rules for Sentence Simplification

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7. Win a copy of the new Stephen Hawking book

28th October 2018

Future “superhumans” predicted in Stephen Hawking’s final essays

In a newly-published, posthumous book, Stephen Hawking leaves us with his final thoughts on the universe’s biggest questions. He predicts the future of humanity, including a race of “superhumans” that could emerge as people choose to upgrade themselves. Artificial intelligence could develop a will of its own; a will that is in conflict with ours. Read More

8. Deepfakes: The dawn of the Post-truth era

For about 200,000 years, modern humans have relied on our eyes and ears to separate truth from lies and fact from fiction. Even if we ignore the rise of fake news (and how difficult it is to do anything about it), technology (like deep learning) is on the verge of making it impossible to know if what you are seeing and hearing is real or fake. Said differently, as opposed to being explicitly programmed to recognize a particular object, a deep learning system will learn how to recognize an object after a number of attempts. Read More

9. Fashion therapy, AI fragrance and more

 

–Dutch fashion label Schueller de Waal explores fashion as therapy, presenting a wellness center with massages and a hypnotherapy film in place of a new collection during Paris Fashion Week, i-D reports.

–Montreal physicians are prescribing art museum visits “to help address both the physical and mental ailments of their patients,” BBC shares.

–Everlane is launching a clothing line made entirely from recycled plastic water bottles and has pledged to eliminate all virgin plastic from their supply chain by 2021, making them the latest brand to jump on the plastic-free bandwagon, shares WWD . Read More

10. Microsoft Says It Will Sell Pentagon Artificial Intelligence and Other Advanced Technology

He also argued in the blog post that “to withdraw from this market is to reduce our opportunity to engage in the public debate about how new technologies can best be used in a responsible way. The contract is believed to amount to about $10 billion over a decade, but the shape of cloud computing that far into the future is hard to predict. Unlike Amazon and Microsoft, Google is missing some of the government certifications it would need to provide the software to the military. Read More

11. Humans help robots learn tasks

In the basement of the Gates Computer Science Building at Stanford University, a screen attached to a red robotic arm lights up.

Bender is one of the robot arms that a team of Stanford researchers is using to test two frameworks that, together, could make it faster and easier to teach robots basic skills. The RoboTurk framework allows people to direct the robot arms in real time with a smartphone and a browser by showing the robot how to carry out tasks like picking up objects. Read More

12. This Week’s Awesome Stories From Around the Web (Through October 27)

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13. AI app enhances appearance for live-streaming

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14. 100s of PBs @ Uber. 5 Stat Concepts. KPIs @ Airbnb. A Massive Border Flyover. My Little Ponies. [DSR #159]

Uber’s data platform has evolved significantly from when the company was processing 100s of GB to 10s of PB to 100s of PB. This in-depth post talks about each of their stages of evolution and the tools and technology associated with each.

There are few companies operating at this level and I liked seeing the choices that Uber has made along the way. Read More

15. Robot arm exploring underwater life

A soft robotic arm which will allow underwater sea life to be studied in greater detail has been created. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) University of Rhode Island (URI) and Baruch College.

BBC Click finds out more. Read More

16. Video Friday: Open Source Robotic Kitten, and More

Video Friday is your weekly selection of awesome robotics videos, collected by your Automaton bloggers.

Maurice Fallon and Ioannis Havoutis from the Dynamic Robot Systems Group at the University of Oxford have a shiny new ANYmal that they’ve been putting to work doing useful stuff:

I know Boston Dynamics gets all the attention, but in terms of practical quadrupeds, ANYmal is getting a lot of solid work done.
[ Universal Robots ]

The key to making such tiny devices in large quantities lies in a method the team developed for controlling the natural fracturing process of atomically-thin, brittle materials, directing the fracture lines so that they produce miniscule pockets of a predictable size and shape. Read More

17. ​AI and machine learning: Building use cases and creating real-life benefits

Getting executives to talk about the potential of much-hyped artificial intelligence (AI) is one thing; getting them to explain how it might work in their business is often another issue altogether.

But Julie Dodd, director of digital transformation and communication at Parkinson’s UK, is not only able to talk about how AI might change the game in terms of research and service delivery, she’s also able to point to uses cases in her own organisation where emerging technology is already producing life-changing benefits.

The BenevolentAI platform trawls through clinical research data and published studies. Read More

18. The Best of the Physics arXiv (week ending October 27, 2018)

 

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for unlimited online access.

for more, or for unlimited online access. Read More

19. Startup Deploys AI-Enabled Vision to Deliver Clicks to Retail’s ‘Bricks’ | NVIDIA Blog

But brick-and-mortar retailers stumble when it comes to measuring foot traffic.

Motionloft promises to put them in step. These analytics provide a window into unique offline metrics that are standard in online marketing data. Read More

20. The US pushes to build unhackable quantum networks

 

Snowden’s revelations have spurred efforts to tap the almost mystical properties of quantum science to make such hacking impossible.

A startup called Quantum Xchange says it has struck a deal giving it access to 500 miles (805 kilometers) of fiber-optic cable running along the east coast of the US to create what it claims will be the country’s first quantum key distribution (QKD) network. The beauty of this approach is that any attempt to snoop on a qubit immediately destroys its delicate quantum state, wiping out the information it carries and leaving a telltale sign of an intrusion. Read More

21. We’ve Been Talking About Self-Driving Car Safety All Wrong

Until a self-driving Uber killed 49-year-old pedestrian Elaine Herzberg in March, autonomous vehicle tech felt like a pure success story. This fall, the Department of Transportation restated its approach to AVs in updated federal guidelines, which amounts to: We won’t pick technology winners and losers, but we would like companies to submit lengthy brochures on their approaches to safety. Or was it to just run a number up?”

Think about a driver’s license exam: You don’t just drive around for a few miles and get a certificate if you don’t crash. Read More