Daily Artificial Intelligence News Roundup #112

1. Auditing Algorithms for Bias

In 1971, philosopher John Rawls proposed a thought experiment to understand the idea of ‘fairness’: the veil of ignorance.   What if, he asked, we could erase our brains so we had no memory of who we were – our race, our income level, our profession, anything that may influence our opinion?  The veil of ignorance is a philosophical exercise for thinking about justice and society. Inspired by this ideal of fairness, Accenture created a tool that measures disparate impact of algorithms and corrects them to achieve equal opportunity. Read More

2. Tiny Drones Team Up to Open Doors

In a move inspired by natural engineering, robotics researchers have demonstrated how tiny palm-size drones can forcefully tug objects 40 times their own mass by anchoring themselves to the ground or to walls.

“Teams of these drones could work cooperatively to perform more complex manipulation tasks,” says Matt Estrada, a Ph. ”

Winged creatures such as birds, bats, and insects can lift only objects that are about five times their own weight when flying. Read More

3. Experts are leaving Alphabet’s smart-city project over privacy concerns

An expert that Alphabet’s Sidewalk Labs hired to oversee privacy issues related to an ambitious smart-city project has quit over proposed data-collection practices.

Details: Sidewalk Labs is trying to build a futuristic neighborhood called Quayside on Toronto’s waterfront. The development is the first big assignment for the Google sister company, which was founded in 2015 to develop technology to alleviate urban problems. Read More

4. Facebook Uses Machine Learning To Remove 8.7 Million Child Exploitation Posts – Slashdot

Facebook announced

today in a blog post that it has removed 8. The company said it used new AI and machine learning technology to remove 99 percent of those posts before anyone reported them. TechCrunch reports: The new technology examines posts for child nudity and other exploitative content when they are uploaded and, if necessary, photos and accounts are reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Read More

5. Breaking News, World, US, DC News & Analysis

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6. AI a Priority for U.S. Government, Federal CIO Suzette Kent Says

There’s nothing like a little Van Halen in the morning. Chief Information Officer Suzette Kent presented a video outlining a far-reaching vision of IT modernization accompanied by “Right Now,” a signature anthem of one of America’s greatest bands.

“I use that song because there’s a message — right now — because we are not waiting,” Kent said after the video highlighted work being done across the federal government in everything from agriculture to transportation and healthcare to cybersecurity. Read More

7. Should a robo-car run over a kid or a grandad? Healthy or ill person? Let’s get millions of folks to decide for AI…

 

Imagine a robo-ride is about to crash into either a kid or a bunch of elderly people.
Millions of participants from more than 200 countries answered these hypothetical questions for an experiment dubbed the Moral Machine.

Kill granny, especially if she’s fat

It’s not too surprising that most participants favored the young over the old, groups of people over lone pedestrians and humans over animals. Read More

8. A global ethics study aims to help AI solve the self-driving “trolley problem”

The idea was to create a game-like platform that would crowdsource people’s decisions on how self-driving cars should prioritize lives in different variations of the “trolley problem. Four years after the platform went live, millions of people in 233 countries and territories have logged 40 million decisions, making it one of the largest studies ever done on global moral preferences.
The Moral Machine took that idea to test nine different comparisons shown to polarize people: should a self-driving car prioritize humans over pets, passengers over pedestrians, more lives over fewer, women over men, young over old, fit over sickly, higher social status over lower, law-abiders over law-benders? And finally, should the car swerve (take action) or stay on course (inaction). Read More

9. [1810.10126] Area Attention

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10. [1810.10175] Data-driven Blockbuster Planning on Online Movie Knowledge Library

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11. Highlights from Spark + AI Summit 2018 (SAIS 2018)

Are you into cluster-computing with Apache Spark. This year’s SAIS 2018 conference covered great data engineering and data science best practices for productionizing AI. The conference also provided some deep dive sessions on Spark integration with popular machine learning frameworks, such as well known TensorFlow, Scikit-learn, Keras, PyTorch, DeppLearning4j, BigDL and Deep Learning Pipelines. Read More

12. Curiosity and Procrastination in Reinforcement Learning

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13. Scientists built a terrifying robot snake that can climb ladders

Snakes and ladders used to be a board game, now it’s an integral part of our shared robot dystopian future.
We tend to oversell the “scariness” of robots, right. But honestly, how bad could it be. Read More

14. How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?

A massive new survey developed by MIT researchers reveals some distinct global preferences concerning the ethics of autonomous vehicles, as well as some regional variations in those preferences. In the case of driverless cars, that might mean swerving toward a couple of people, rather than a large group of bystanders.

“The study is basically trying to understand the kinds of moral decisions that driverless cars might have to resort to,” says Edmond Awad, a postdoc at the MIT Media Lab and lead author of a new paper outlining the results of the project. Read More

15. Where deep learning meets metamaterials: Researchers devise new approach to streamlining design of nanoscale building blocks with endless applications

But their impact on daily life has been hindered by a complicated manufacturing process with large margins of error. The study was led by Dr. ”

Deep Learning a key to precision manufacturing

“Our new approach depends almost entirely on Deep Learning, a computer network inspired by the layered and hierarchical architecture of the human brain,” Prof. Read More

16. Robot lawyer uses algorithms to protect your personal data

Robot lawyer uses algorithms to protect your personal data

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80 percent of Europeans share their data with Paypal, Google, and Amazon as part of using their services. In so doing, this data is then collectively shared with over 1000 further companies by these initial three. Their system can identify which companies are storing data about users and automatically exercise their data rights as of GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) across all companies with one click. Read More

17. Will Autonomous Cars Put An End To Accidents?

Self-driving cars look set to change the face of driving forever. Although the technology is still in its early stages, it’s developing rapidly and more and more drivers are turning to autonomous vehicles. The other major benefit that people talk about is the reduction in accidents. Read More

18. AI will make you smarter – but in surprising ways

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