Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning Roundup #49

1. How you feel about free will can influence your behaviour – and happiness

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2. How do we know when a boom is bad?

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3. These five technologies are changing the face of construction

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4. This is the global economic impact of violence

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5. Google’s smart home mastermind talks security, A.I., the future of control

Smart speakers are showing up everywhere, even in hotel rooms. In many cases, using voice commands is more convenient than pulling out your phone, and the Google Home or Amazon Echo can make tasks like turning off lights easier for those with mobility issues.
Mark Spates: We believe both are extremely important, and the decision should be driven by the use case and value delivered to the user. Read More

6. Facebook’s latest acquisition is all about fighting fake news

The social network’s reported purchase of Bloomsbury AI will bring in a very specific kind of talent and expertise. Although Facebook is getting better at detecting it, the platform still has a long way to go.

The news: TechCrunch says that Facebook is coughing up between $23 million and $30 million primarily to acquire the UK-based startup’s employees. Read More

7. Robots are not the problem, we are. – Yogesh Malik –

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8. Artificial Intelligence as a Problem Without a Passport

Artificial Intelligence as a Problem Without a Passport

I wrote this paper during my MSc in International Public Policy at UCL, where I tried to learn the methods and frameworks of public policy in order to apply them to the challenges and opportunities of technological development.

In the paper, I contextualize the development of artificial intelligence within international relations theory on global public policy problems.

Throughout human history, and with most global policy problems, humanity has relied on the same “tried-and-true approach” to solve our problems; “learning from mistakes” (Tegmark, 2017: 93). Read More

9. Will AI Replace Software Developers?

While software is taking over the world, artificial intelligence (AI) is exploding. If robots are developing personalities, why couldn’t they develop the ability to reproduce – or write code?  Well, they can. In this scenario, in which AI is helping developers, a ‘supercharged IDE feature’ does this same thing, but with code. Read More

10. How AI got its imagination – Dave Tai –

How AI got its imagination

Picture a bird.

The usual method to train a neural network (a computer system modelled after our nervous system) is shockingly labour intensive.
Oobah vs Paris Fashion Week on Repeat

Enter Generative Adversarial Network (GAN), a new way to train neural networks, innovated by Ian Goodfellow in 2014. Read More

11. Coordination in Complex Intelligent Systems: Why there is “no AI” to predict the World Cup winner

Coordination in Complex Intelligent Systems: Why there is “no AI” to predict the World Cup winner

Recent predictions by AI algorithms that predicted Spain or German as the World Cup winner have failed miserably. The goal is no to rehash the failures of these algorithms, but to shed light on the underlying “science” behind decision-making, consensus and coordination in teams of agents necessary to model competitive multiplayer games like football.

Interesting, AI or machine learning plays absolutely no role in either explaining or generating collective behavior of flocks. Read More

12. Are New Technologies Killing their Ancestors? –

Every data scientist would have used a calculator for doing mathematical calculations. Smartphones have many features not existing in the calculator. It is simple to do an operation using a calculator. Read More

13. Can Artificial Intelligence Keep Your Home Secure?

Mr. Silva said any security plan started with the basics — good locks, strong doors, an alarm system — and could be expanded to full perimeter screening with either monitoring enhanced with artificial intelligence or more traditional motion detectors and alarms. Celebrities and other well-known people may want to build a safe room in their homes, he said, or have their own command centers. Read More

14. NASA will test quieter supersonic booms over Texas this year

Residents of Galveston, Texas will serve as “sonic thump” guinea pigs.

Some background: Supersonic travel over land has been banned in the US since 1973, owing to the huge noise produced when a plane breaks the sound barrier. In 2016, NASA announced that Lockheed Martin had won the contract to design the X-59, a plane that uses “boom reduction” technology to let planes fly faster than Mach 1 without making such a racket. Read More

15. Next-generation robotic cockroach can explore under water environments: ‘HAMR’ can walk on land, swim, and walk under water

In nature, cockroaches can survive underwater for up to 30 minutes. Now, a robotic cockroach can do even better. Harvard’s Ambulatory Microrobot, known as HAMR, can walk on land, swim on the surface of water, and walk underwater for as long as necessary, opening up new environments for this little bot to explore. Read More

16. [1807.00049] AI in Game Playing: Sokoban Solver

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17. Import AI: #101: Teaching robots to grasp with two-stage networks; Silicon Valley VS Government AI; why procedural learning can generate natural curriculums.

Making better maps via AI:…Telenav pairs machine learning with OpenStreetCam data to let everyone make better maps…Navigation company Telenav has released datasets, machine learning software, and technical results to help people build AI services on top of mapping infrastructure. The company says it has done this to create a more open ecosystem around mapping, specifically around ‘Open Street Map’, a popular open source map).   Release: The release includes a training set of ~50,000 images annotated with labels to help identify common road signs; a machine-learning technology stack that includes a notebook with visualizations, a RetinaNet system for detecting traffic signs, and the results from running these AI tools over more than 140-million existing street-level images; and more. Read More

18. AI for Fraud Detection – How does Mastercard do it? Learn how global leaders use AI

 

What comes to mind when you think of AI in Finance. AI has made huge contributions to the efficiency & accuracy of many financial practices, but there are also lots of new ways that AI is being implemented to disrupt traditional methods.

At the AI in Finance Summit RE•WORK we will be showcasing the latest breakthrough technologies & their application in the financial sector with topics including Financial Compliance, Financial Forecasting, NLP, Investment, Blockchain & more. Read More

19. An Algorithm knows you better than your own family members do

#Awesome“Hospitals collect all manner of data on patients, from doctors’ notes to test results to measurements such as pulse and blood pressure. Researchers are using artificial intelligence algorithms to comb through the records of patients who suffered, say, sepsis or lung failure. ” — Dina Bass, Reporter Learn More from Bloomberg >

#Not Awesome“The people who called into the help hotlines and domestic violence shelters said they felt as if they were going crazy. Read More

Missed ones
Why Are There So Many Robocalls? Here’s What You Can Do About Them – https://www.wsj.com/articles/why-there-are-so-many-robocalls-heres-what-you-can-do-about-them-1530610203