Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning Roundup #17

1. New DeepMind AI Learns to Navigate Like an Animal; Scientists React

New DeepMind AI Learns to Navigate Like an Animal; Scientists React

DeepMind, which created the epoch-making AlphaGo, has once again made a remarkable achievement in machine learning. Researchers from the British AI company yesterday published a paper on Nature — Vector-based navigation using grid-like representations in artificial agents — which proposes an artificial virtual agent that can navigate like mammals. Scientists have identified three kinds of brain cells related to navigation ability: Place Cells memorize past locations, Head-Direction Cells sense movement and direction, and Grid Cells divide the spatial environment into a honeycomb hexagonal grid similar to the coordinate system on a map. Read More

2. The Cloud Security Alliance Hosts 5th Annual Federal Summit on 15 May 2018

The Cloud Security Alliance is a not-for-profit organization with a mission to promote the use of best practices for providing security assurance within Cloud Computing, and to provide education on the uses of Cloud Computing to help secure all other forms of computing. It is a member-driven organization. org

Every year for the last 5 years the CSA has hosted leading federal cybersecurity and cloud computing experts together with peers from industry and academia in a federal summit. Read More

3. Self-Adapting Resiliency for AI Self-Driving Cars

Have you ever seen a brittle star. The brittle star appears to adjust itself to accommodate that there are only four arms left over rather than five.

What does this have to do with AI self-driving cars. Read More

4. Kevin’s Week in Tech: Are Google’s A.I.-Powered Phone Calls Cool, Creepy, or Both?

Even some A. experts were taken aback by the Duplex demo, which showed off a kind of technology that scammers could one day use to make mass robocalls, conduct social engineering hacks and impersonate people on the phone. Google has said that the technology won’t be used for telemarketing. Read More

5. The White House just started an AI task force

The Trump administration wants to make artificial intelligence great again. We’re not really sure — the administration just announced a new AI task force that will promote American artificial intelligence efforts, but it’s not yet clear what exactly this group will do.

A press release by the White House on “Artificial Intelligence for the American People” notes efforts the Trump administration has already made to bolster the AI industry and prioritize research and development, as well as take steps to ensure that American workers are ready for the automation revolution. Read More

6. LAPD’s crime-catching algorithm, finally uncovered, is terrifying

The Los Angeles Police Department was recently forced to release documents about their predictive policing and surveillance algorithms, thanks to a lawsuit from the Stop LAPD Spying Coalition (which turned the documents over to In Justice Today).
If you guessed “evidence that policing algorithms, which require officers to keep a checklist of (and keep an eye on) 12 people deemed most likely to commit a crime, are continuing to propagate a vicious cycle of disproportionately high arrests of black Angelinos, as well as other racial minorities,” you guessed correctly. Relying on this algorithm to determine who ought to be monitored, which can be done through probation or warrant checks, prompts the instruction to police to check up on people — not to arrest them, but to see if there’s any reason to do so. Read More

7. Google’s ‘deceitful’ AI assistant to identify itself as a robot during calls

Google’s AI assistant will identify itself as a robot when calling up businesses on behalf of human users, the company has confirmed, following accusations that the technology was deceitful and unethical.

The feature, called Google Duplex, was demonstrated at the company’s I/O developers’ conference on Tuesday.

But the demonstrations sparked concern that the company was misleading those on the other end of the conversation into thinking they were dealing with another human, not a machine. Read More

8. AI World Cup 2018 : Challenge AI World Cup 2018 !

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9. WAISE 2018 : First International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence Safety Engineering

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10. AI Can Spot Signs of Autism in Babies

 

Researchers at Boston University, Boston Children’s Hospital, and the University of San Francisco have discovered a way to interpret electroencephalograms (EEGs) using artificial intelligence to determine the chances of a child having autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

The team examined data from the Infant Screening Project, using algorithms created by University of San Francisco professor William Bosl.

In over 95% of cases, the algorithms predicted a clinical diagnosis of ASD with “high specificity, sensitivity, and positive predictive value. Read More

11. The White House says a new AI task force will protect workers and keep America first

The Trump administration has announced a new task force that will promote an “America first” approach to artificial intelligence.

The Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence, convened under the National Science and Technology Council, was announced today by Michael Kratsios, deputy assistant to the president and deputy chief technology officer, at a White House event that brought together government leaders, representatives from numerous industries, and several prominent AI experts. The Treasury secretary, Steven Mnuchin, also previously said that the idea of robots and AI taking people’s jobs was “not even on my radar screen. Read More

12. [1805.04025] Deep Nets: What have they ever done for Vision?

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13. The Lottery Ticket Hypothesis – Paper Recommendation

 

I wanted to highlight a recent paper I came across, which is also a nice follow-up to my earlier post on pruning neural networks:

Many people working on network pruning observed that, starting from a wide network and pruning it, one obtains better performance than training the slim, pruned architecture from scratch (random initialization). Since fat networks have exponentially more component subnetworks, starting from a fatter network increases the effective number of lottery tickets, thereby increasing the chances of containing a winning ticket. For a starter, it would be great to see how the results hold up when better pruning schemes and more general classes of initialization approaches are used. Read More

14. First Ever Robot-Assisted Spinal Surgery Undertaken in US

In a statement released last week, University of Pennsylvania’s Medicine department announced the school had performed the first-ever robot-assisted spinal surgery.

Cancer of the bones and skull

The groundbreaking surgery spanned over two days and more than 20 hours and saw the doctors use Da Vinci’s robotic arms to remove a rare tumor from patient’s Noah Pernikoff’s spine. “The doctor said if I hadn’t discovered it through the car accident it probably would have kept growing until it came to a point on my spinal cord where it caused paralysis or death. Read More

15. Boston Dynamic’s Dog Robot Can Now Run Autonomously

Each Boston Dynamic’s video released to YouTube makes the world both more impressed and more terrified at the potential these robots could have. This clip of the SpotMini robot running around the office showcases just how well this quadruped robot can navigate even the trickiest of scenarios.

For SpotMini to succeed on its own, he (like any other good robo-dog) has to be trained. Read More

16. 17 Experts Explain Why the Whole World Will Be Driving Electric Vehicles Sooner Than We Think

The past few years have seen electric cars move from an ambitious dream to a lucrative reality, and it would seem as though the days of traditional fossil fuel-guzzling vehicles are numbered.

With many countries vowing to phase out their consumption of oil within coming years, and committing to replacing existing vehicles with electric alternatives, it appears that the electric revolution has well and truly begun. ” – Carlos Tavares

Peugeot CEO, Carlos Tavares, went on record in November 2017 attesting that by 2025 the company’s output would be entirely electric. Read More

17. [1805.03687] Statistical Analysis on E-Commerce Reviews, with Sentiment Classification using Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Network (RNN)

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18. [1805.04051] Classification of Household Materials via Spectroscopy

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19. [1804.11258] Towards Diverse Text Generation with Inverse Reinforcement Learning

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20. AI for Hearing Loss – Tech Advances in Hearing Aids, Predicting Hearing Loss, and Improving Quality of Life for the Hearing Impaired

Hearing loss is a condition affecting an estimated 48 million individuals in the U. The company claims to be integrating AI into its suite of implantable hearing solutions.

Founded in 2016 and based in Budapest, Hungary, SignAll claims that its platform automatically translates sign language into text using computer vision and natural language processing. Read More

21. Kinds of Intelligence: Types, Tests & Meeting the Needs of Sociey

 

In this episode, I’m joined by Jose Hernandez-Orallo, professor in the department of information systems and computing at Universitat Politècnica de València and fellow at the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence, working on the Kinds of Intelligence Project. Read More

22. Customer-focused Engineering at Uber: A Q&A with Jörg Heilig, VP of Ridesharing and Eats Engineering

Jörg Heilig, Vice President of Engineering for Ridesharing and Eats, manages over a hundred engineering teams that develop technology for riders, drivers, marketplace, maps, Uber Eats, and Uber for Business. However, he brings 13 years of engineering leadership experience at Google along with prior experience at startups and Sun Microsystems on which he can lean.

We sat down with Jörg to find out how he approaches such a large area of responsibility, and what priorities his group will take on in 2018:

Can you give an overview of your team’s responsibilities. Read More

23. How to detect explosive chemicals from standoff

Army force-protection experts are reaching out to industry for quick-turnaround technologies to detect abnormal behaviors, chemicals, and vapors that could indicate the presence of vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs) at standoff distances.

Officials want non-proprietary interoperability with currently fielded force protection systems that could be used as mobile fixed-site solutions for standoff detection and relaying detection data to operations centers or entry-control points. mil and Contract Specialist Christian Digbeu at christian. Read More

24. Black River to pursue enabling technologies in software-defined radio and signals intelligence

Air Force researchers needed enabling technologies for software-defined-radio (SDR) signals intelligence for low-power applications in moderate to dense co-channel environments. They found their solution from Black River Systems Co.

Black River experts will help improve Air Force knowledge in the cyber domain by advancing the state-of-the-art in software-defined radio to sustain signals intelligence capabilities, including real time collection, geolocation, and signal exploitation. Read More

25. Carnegie Mellon Launches Undergraduate Degree in Artificial Intelligence – News – Carnegie Mellon University

 

Carnegie Mellon University’s School of Computer Science (SCS) will offer a new undergraduate degree in artificial intelligence beginning this fall, providing students with in-depth knowledge of how to transform large amounts of data into actionable decisions.

The bachelor’s degree program in computer science teaches students to think broadly about methods that can accomplish a wide variety of tasks across many disciplines, noted Reid Simmons, research professor of robotics and computer science and director of the new AI degree program.

Students accepted by SCS as first-year students will be able to enter the AI degree program in their second year. Read More

26. The Yogi masters were right — meditation and breathing exercises can sharpen your mind

Dublin, Thursday, May 10, 2018 – It has long been claimed by Yogis and Buddhists that meditation and ancient breath-focused practices, such as pranayama, strengthen our ability to focus on tasks. A new study by researchers at Trinity College Dublin explains for the first time the neurophysiological link between breathing and attention.

The research shows for the first time that breathing – a key element of meditation and mindfulness practices – directly affects the levels of a natural chemical messenger in the brain called noradrenaline. Read More

27. Waterloo chemists create faster and more efficient way to process information

University of Waterloo chemists have found a much faster and more efficient way to store and process information by expanding the limitations of how the flow of electricity can be used and managed. ”

For decades, computer chips have been shrinking thanks to a steady stream of technological improvements in processing density.

“Simply put, there’s a physical limit to the performance of conventional semiconductors as well as how dense you can build a chip,” said Pavle Radovanovic, a professor of chemistry and a member of the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology. Read More

28. What we Learned at ICLR 2018 – integrate.ai –

 

To do this, our platform science team creates embeddings (latent representations) of individual datasets and learns useful analogies between these representations.
(If this kind of work is up your alley, we’re hiring machine learning roles!)

Highlights from Invited Talks

Hype in the media often leads people to think neural networks are already architected like the brain. Read More

29. AI and the Other productivity disaster: Meetings! – Knowmail –

We know that Artificial Intelligence can help with the worst of our productivity problems: Email Overload. This is the state of the meetings that are a central part of knowledge workers’ job. Managers, engineers and white-collar workers attend meetings every day; many of them spend most of their time in meetings, many of them are double-booked, and I’ve seen companies where people’s calendars are even triple-booked much of the time (really!). Read More

30. AI and Healthcare: the art of Foreseeing the future

In this data-driven world, to take the right decision we must change our way of thinking. So far, any choice has been based on the analysis of numbers and past experiences, but the speed and effect of actions in business, tells us that ‘reactions’ are not an option anymore, we must take — from now on — proactive decisions.

Talking about knowledge and analysis of data, technological developments — such as AI — are for companies important tools to establish this kind of approach. Read More

31. How to Get a Robot to Do What You Want – MistyRobotics –

 

You finally have it. Whichever, many years of work, research, and rework have gone into building your dream robot, which you’re confident can sense and do ANYTHING.

Let’s say you’ve got a task that you want this robot to perform. Read More

32. My take on Duplex – Florian Guillanton –

TL;DR: This is scary but amazing but still scary, let’s not remain passive and debate, shall we. Then came Duplex, and Sundar Pichai’s enthusiastic demonstration of it at play, calling a real person -who very likely didn’t even notice she was part of the experiment at all, at least until she was told (did Google tell her?)- for a haircut. You’ll find all the details here if you’re interested (you should watch this though): https://www. Read More

33. Empathy is the Missing Ingredient from Voice Assistants

 

“What will the weather be like today?” the virtual assistant announces the weather forecast. In any relationship, trust is essential, to be useful we must trust the voice assistant’s understanding of our words, tone, and sentiments, in other words, our intent. Read More

34. The AI conversation we should all be having RIGHT NOW!

What this simply means is that Duplex will now identify itself to humans.

Pandora’s Box of Dilemmas

If gradually, we are depending on AI to do tasks, on our behalf, should they be allowed to impersonate us. Read More

35. Rational Agents and Emotional Humans: Why you should include variable rewards

It’s one week until John’s birthday, and you just got the an invitation from Lisa for his birthday party.

Today you’d might get the invitation on Facebook, and it would show in your digital calendar.

The perfect intelligent assistant

What if you Intelligent Assistant, I. Read More

36. A suggestion for Facebook and Google. – Ajinkya Dube –

A suggestion for Facebook and Google. Don’t you think you need to gain trust of the elder people first before making such products. But non tech people don’t know such things. Read More

37. No, Google’s Duplex didn’t pass the Turing Test – Peter Voss –

I’m not sure if the headline of this article reflects out-of-control hype or extreme ignorance.

Google’s Duplex system can’t do that at all. Duplex can only carry out natural conversations after being deeply trained in such domains. Read More

38. Letter to President Trump about Artificial Intelligence

 

Hello, today I am writing to you because I want to talk about artificial intelligence and how important the future of this is to our country, and world as a whole. I was truly shocked when I learned that you planned to end the progress that the Obama administration has made towards our government focusing on the future of artificial intelligence by removing it from your five principal areas of focus. I am aware how important the five areas you chose to prioritize on are to our country, we certainly should prioritize our attention on jobs and the economy, infrastructure, immigration, trade, and national security. Read More

39. Will you be replaced by AI? – Mathias Jakobsen –

This week I shared this drawing on my Think Clearly newsletter (join 8000 other readers and sign up here):

One reader responded:

I know my illustration is trying to simplify something that’s much more nuanced (that’s the value proposition of the newsletter) but I didn’t quite feel that I was being ‘super complacent’ so let me elaborate a bit more on why I think there’s truth to my point.

As I see it, the most succesful applications of Machine Learning to date are based on exactly defined inputs and outputs. Read More

40. The world’s most neglected technology: the human body

 

As we absorb and integrate new and exciting technology both, mechanical and virtual, we may be overwriting quite possibly the most advanced technology known to humankind — the human body. But can technology breathe new life into humanity or is our sense of being becoming lost in translation. It is has enabled what was previously unthinkable. Read More

41. No, Robots will Not Take Over and Rule the Planet … and this is why.

To understand this, the question to answer is the, “why?” As in, why would AI wish to conquer us. Understand, that machines and life-forms exist under different constraints, thus to extrapolate life’s need for domination as equitable with machines’ would lead our conclusions astray. All organic life forms (herein “organics”) are united by one common purpose, which is immortality that is achieved via reproduction. Read More

42. Can AI be sexist/racist? – drea –

 

Humans beings by nature are imperfect; research in psychology and studies of human behavior show that we have implicit biases and use heuristic shortcuts to process information. Prejudice or stereotypes emerge from one’s upbringing, culture, and environment, and can be so pervasive that we may never be fully made aware of them. Read More

43. The moment I realized AI is going to be big and infiltrate our everyday life…

The moment I realized AI is going to be big and infiltrate our everyday life…

I regularly go to lunch with my grandparents, because yeah my grandma is cooking the most delicious dishes you can imagine. So one could say they are really wary regarding new technology. My granddad is also struggling with hard-of-hearing and tinnutis, which made family conversations in a bigger round really hard to follow for him and separated him in a way for the reason that he could not contribute very well. Read More

44. What is Bayes Rule? –

The rule has a very simple derivation that directly leads from the relationship between joint and conditional probabilities.

In this formula, A is the event we want the probability of, and B is the new evidence that is related to A in some way.

P(A|B) is called the posterior; this is what we are trying to estimate. Read More

45. 5 Takeaways from the 2018 NTEN Conference –

Between stuffing myself with étouffée, blackened oysters, creole, and jambalaya, I took a moment to reflect on what I learned at the 2018 Nonprofit Technology (NTEN) Conference in New Orleans.

Here are my five takeaways:

#1 Mobile is (finally) beginning to eat the nonprofit world

The iPhone came out in January 2007 and has become a lightning bolt in the technology industry. My favorite article is by Benedict Evans on the space. Read More

46. What Google IO 8 Can Tell Us About The Future Of Work

This week, Google wowed the world with the features and developments it announced at IO 8, especially regarding the Google Assistant. What is more obvious than ever is Google’s emphasis on artificial intelligence. What roles will be in demand. Read More

47. Are you afraid of Google rn? – Sai Skanda –

One prominent way we do this is by bombarding it with examples.

Then to make it “learn” you start to input say a voice that is not yours.
No matter how smart it seems , it still operating within its boundaries and skills taught to it. Read More

48. The Truth About Artificial Intelligence – Ella Alderson –

One could even argue that without the ability to create, God feels much less powerful and much less worthy of his name. It perhaps not only speaks on our never-ending want to be divine, but also on our destiny to become creators. The first is programmed with what it will say and do or it is human controlled. Read More

49. Which Is More Dangerous? Artificial intelligence or Natural Stupidity.

Which Is More Dangerous. Artificial intelligence or Natural Stupidity. Stepping out of Paris Climate Agreement and Iran Nuclear Deal has given Trump a reputation as a dealbreaker. Read More

50. AI am you? – Ernio Hernandez –

I will write this for you.

I will write something for you.

I will write something like this for you. Read More

51. How far have we come with Artificial Intelligence? – The Research Nest –

How far have we come with Artificial Intelligence.
A recent development of a deep learning model- has led to the detection of gravitational waves using signals has opened up new frontiers to artificial intelligence, and to look back at how far we have come from its inception. However, as sophisticated as it sounds, Artificial Intelligence has grown leaps and bounds to give real-time experiences to the users. Read More

52. Is Google Duplex ethical and moral? –

You can see the very impressive demo here:

Yesterday during Google IO a project called Duplex to interface between a request to a Google Assistant and a real business in the real world via phone.

However, there is some concern:

While I’m always a bit skeptical of any general and immediate backlash against a technology that hasn’t been used for bad there are very good points about this that should be discussed. ” What was most interesting to me was a very simple framework they look at values of ethics. Read More

53. Yes, AI Will Take Your Job — And Destroy the Environment Too

 

Artificial Intelligence is capital, and capital collects in the hands of the few.

Not just from the lack of jobs and low price points, but because machines are highly polluting. Read More

54. Bone Age Prediction with X-rays – Kunlun Liu –

This project is the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) machine learning challenge in 2017.
· Instead of randomly initializing the weights of a convolutional neural network architecture, using pre-trained model allows us achieve a pretty good performance without a large amount of data sets.

Data Exploration:

From the plots below, we can see that the distribution of bone age is normally distributed. Read More

55. This tiny chip uses A.I. to control sugar levels for critical diabetes patients without nurses present

For critically ill diabetes patients, making sure their blood sugar levels are correct is crucial. If they drop then glucose needs to be administered, but if they rise too high then insulin is required.

Currently, this is done by nurses in hospitals, but one start-up has created an “artificial pancreas” that can automate the process, and it’s a chip that’s smaller than a thumbnail. Read More

56. 10 Promising AI Applications in Health Care

There’s a lot of excitement right now about how artificial intelligence (AI) is going to change health care. Accenture investigated the value of 10 promising AI applications and found that they could create up to $150 billion in annual savings for U. health care by 2026. Read More

57. With machine learning models, explainability is difficult and elusive

NEW YORK CITY — The push by enterprises for explainable artificial intelligence is shining a light on one of the problematic aspects of machine learning models.

“The importance of interpretability really depends on the downstream application,” said Zoubin Ghahramani, professor of information engineering at the University of Cambridge and chief scientist at Uber Technologies Inc.

“If we focus only on interpretability, we’re missing . Read More

58. Prediction, anticipation and influence: The importance of AI and machine learning in loyalty programs

Data is the foundation of every modern marketing plan. What distinguishes some marketing approaches from others is the way that data is collected, how it’s leveraged and how effectively it can drive desired outcomes.

Loyalty data as a driver

Loyalty programs can be robust sources of customer information and are particularly suited for collecting data at the top of the sales funnel. Read More

59. A Canadian startup applies machine-learning to corporate bond issuance

WITH the exception of a few governments big enough to run their own auctions, anyone wishing to issue bonds must seek bankers’ help.

Investment bankers responsible for bond issuance still operate largely by feel, calling up asset managers to get a sense of demand, rather than by crunching numbers. But so far, comparing primary and secondary markets has been difficult. Read More

60. Google May Leverage Machine Learning To Reduce Chrome Memory Usage

Chrome is not going to win any awards for its memory usage. While Google has made many improvements to that over the past year or so, it appears that the company will now leverage machine learning to further reduce its browser’s memory usage.

The folks at Chromestory have spotted some new code for Chromium which reveals that a machine learning model may be added to score tabs based on whether they will be reactivated after they have been paused. Read More

61. Statement on Artificial Intelligence for American Industry | NSF – National Science Foundation

As we look even further into the future, NSF is supporting fundamental research to bring AI technologies to maturity, thereby enhancing the lives of all Americans. gov

Linda A. Read More

62. Carnegie Mellon offers new artificial intelligence major

Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh will offer the nation’s first undergraduate degree program in artificial intelligence.

Officials with the school announced Thursday the new major will be available to students enrolled in the School of Computer Science starting in the fall.

Many American universities offer an artificial intelligence track within degree programs like Computer Science and Computer Engineering. Read More

63. India wants to fire up its A.I. industry. Catching up to China and the US will be a challenge

India’s efforts come as the AI competition between China and U.

India, meanwhile, is late to the game, and will probably not dominate in the field except in a few areas, experts said. ” Challenges, she said, include poor data quality and integrity, as well as a lack of expertise. Read More

64. Artificial Intelligence for the American People

PRIORITIZING FUNDING FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D): The Trump Administration has prioritized funding for fundamental AI research and computing infrastructure, machine learning, and autonomous systems.

REMOVING BARRIERS TO AI INNOVATION: The Trump Administration is enabling the creation of new American industries by removing regulatory barriers to the deployment of AI-powered technologies.

TRAINING THE FUTURE AMERICAN WORKFORCE: President Trump has taken Executive action to give the American worker the skills to succeed in the 21st century economy. Read More

65. Opinion | Could Google’s creepy new AI push us to a tipping point?

Always wanted John Legend to make your restaurant reservations for you.

Legend is one of the upcoming voices for Google Duplex, an experiment the technology company unveiled at its I/O conference this week that allows the Assistant program on an Android to place phone calls on a user’s behalf. Colloquial and conversational, it can adapt when the back-and-forth takes an unexpected turn, or when the human on the other end of the line, as humans often do, misunderstands. Read More

66. How artificial intelligence is hurting democracy

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67. Economist Allays Fears of Artificial Intelligence in Workplace

Robotic technology is more likely to improve medical treatments than replace doctors, according to Robert Atkinson. 0

Fears that advances in artificial intelligence, machine learning and robots will gut the labor force are overblown, according to the leader of a science and technology policy think tank. “You can ignore Elon Musk,” said Atkinson. Read More

68. ‘It’s Either a Panda or a Gibbon’: AI Winters and the Limits of Deep Learning

Today, the defense community is considering artificial intelligence as a possible solution for an array of problems. Others are concerned that adversaries investing heavily in these technologies will produce highly autonomous and adaptive weapons that might overmatch U. After all, data analytics, deep learning, and deep neural network technologies have achieved some remarkable successes in recent years. Read More

69. Trump administration will allow AI to ‘freely develop’ in :…

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The Trump administration will not stand in the way of the development of artificial intelligence in the United States, a top official said on Thursday, while acknowledging that the burgeoning technology will displace some jobs.

At a White House summit that included companies like Alphabet Inc’s Google, Facebook Inc and Amazon. ”

“To the greatest degree possible, we will allow scientists and technologists to freely develop their next great inventions right here in the United States,” he said, according to a copy of his remarks provided by the White House. Read More

70. 5 Ways To Ensure AI Unlocks Its Full Potential To Serve Humanity

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71. Artificial intelligence could help diagnose a deadly heart condition

Angela Watschke was shuffling some of her kids around four years ago while the others were at home. Her then-2-year-old daughter, Abrielle, was lying on the bed when she started slipping off as her eyes rolled back.

“I had no idea a normal, healthy 2-year-old in literally one moment to the next could go from perfectly fine to heart stop,” said Watschke, who lives near Minneapolis. Read More

72. Is There a Future Perfect?

Artist Lia Chavez says darkness meditation has taken her into the lab with neuroscientists. Are we headed to a more perfect union with technology and each other.

Taking an Unconventional Road to Making Equality Conventional

Nontraditional superheroes, a universal basic income and enlisting men of privilege: It may take unconventional steps like these to make progress in eradicating inequality, speakers at the Future of Everything festival said Thursday. Read More

73. Gigaom | Will We Really Lose Half our Jobs to Automation?

The following is an excerpt from GigaOm publisher Byron Reese’s new book, The Fourth Age: Smart Robots, Conscious Computers, and the Future of Humanity. ”

One of those deep questions of our time:

When the topic of automation and AI comes up, one of the chief concerns is always technology’s potential impact on jobs. Many fear that with the introduction of wide-scale automation, there will be no more jobs left for humans. Read More

74. Detecting Uncertainty using Machine Learning

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75. Interview: How We Can Shape The Future Thoughtfully

Devon Powers, PhD in media, culture and communication, shares insights from her research on the trends industry, futurism and consumer culture ahead of her talk at PSFK’s CXI 2018 conference

Trend forecasters and innovation experts tend to be extremely passionate about their jobs, but the casual observer might look at them and simply wonder, what, how and why. Even people within the industry can benefit from taking a step back to consider those questions.

Devon is an associate professor at Temple University’s Klein College of Media and Communication, and her next book, On Trend: Marketing the Cultural Future, is due out in 2019. Read More

76. Scared yet? Boston Dynamics’ humanoid robot can now jog freely

Boston Dynamics’ Atlas robot has been untethered and set free, which, for anyone convinced of an imminent robot uprising, is a rather worrying development.

A video posted on YouTube this week shows the humanoid robot running at a fair clip across open land before jumping over a log that it finds in its path.

SpotMini goes for a walk

Boston Dynamics also released a video (below) showing its SpotMini “robot dog” navigating a specified route through its office and lab facility. Read More

77. Intel Starts R&D Effort in Probabilistic Computing for AI

Intel announced today that it is forming a strategic research alliance to take artificial intelligence to the next level. Autonomous systems don’t have good enough ways to respond to the uncertainties of the real world, and they don’t have a good enough way to understand how the uncertainties of their sensors should factor into the decisions they need to make. According to Intel CTO Mike Mayberry the answer is “probabilistic computing”, which he says could be AI’s next wave. Read More

78. Deep learning’s origins and pioneers

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79. An AI learns to spot tree species, with help from a drone

A consumer-grade drone can take photos of trees from above that are good enough to train a deep-learning algorithm to tell different species apart.

Details: The team behind the project flew drone over a forest in Kyoto, Japan, to take photos and then divided some of them into seven categories: six types of trees and one called “others,” for images that captured bare land or buildings.

Why it matters: Forest surveys typically use expensive systems outfitted with lidar or specialized cameras. Read More

80. Ask Slashdot: How Would a Self-Aware AI Behave? – Slashdot

Long-time Slashdot reader BigBlockMopar

writes that evolution has been a messy but beautiful trial-and-error affair, but now “we are on the cusp of introducing a new life form; a self-aware AI. ”
Its parents will be the coders who write that first kernel than can evolve to become self-aware. But let me make some bold but happy predictions of what will happen. Read More

81. Are religion and artificial intelligence compatible?

For a certain segment of the religious, God created the universe just the way it is. Humans were delivered whole cloth, prefrontal cortex and opposable thumbs and all. Nothing trumps His intelligence, which is really another way of saying nothing trumps our intelligence, we being the animals who dreamed Him up. Read More

82. VR vs AR: What’s the difference?

Virtual reality (VR) employs computer-generated information like images and sounds to create an immersive, 3D digital simulated environment, whereas augmented reality (AR) uses digital information to enhance our experiences of reality. In this early VR technology, we can understand what virtual reality is and some of its characteristics.

The history of AR

The term augmented reality was coined at Boeing in 1990 by researcher Tom Caudell. Read More

83. Can A.I. remove human bias from the hiring process?

This series on diversity and inclusion is sponsored by Amway, which supports a prosperous economy through having a diverse workplace. For more information, visit amwayglobal. Standing in the way of increased workplace diversity, however, is often the unconscious biases of those doing the hiring. Read More

84. Fundamental equations guide marine robots to optimal sampling sites

Observing the world’s oceans is increasingly a mission assigned to autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) — marine robots that are designed to drift, drive, or glide through the ocean without any real-time input from human operators.

With their method, the researchers can predict the degree to which one variable, such as the speed of ocean currents at a certain location, reveals information about some other variable, such as temperature at some other location — a quantity called “mutual information.

The team used their equations and an ocean model they developed, called  Multidisciplinary Simulation, Estimation, and Assimilation Systems (MSEAS), in sea experiments to successfully forecast fields of mutual information and guide actual AUVs. Read More

85. Augmented reality game helps stroke victims recover faster

More than six million people worldwide die each year from strokes. The problem is that rehab is hard, and painful, and according to Regan David Petrie, some 69 per cent of stroke patients don’t get the recommended level of rehab activities. This is why the master student at Victoria University of Wellington has been developing an augmented reality (AR) mobile game, an “exergame,” whose purpose is to engage and reward stroke victims in order to keep them engaged in their therapy. Read More

86. How to Tell If You’re Talking to a Robot

Google’s new Duplex is an artificial intelligence speech system that sets up appointments and performs other clerical tasks, like a receptionist or human assistant might. It sounds pretty real—it stammers a little, hums and pauses, and mostly nails the tone of someone mildly uncomfortable with being on the phone in the first place. It’s creepy partially because it sounds similar to how we talk, but mainly because we might not be able to tell if we’re speaking with a human or a machine. Read More